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Urethral Cancer – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

September 13th, 2011 No comments

Urethral Cancer is a painful and potentially lethal condition in which a cancer originates from the urethra, mainly in the form of a urethral tumor, which is the tubular part of the excretory system of the human body which connects to the urinary bladder and discharges the urine from the body through the urethral canal.

Causes of Urethral Cancer

The occurrence of urethral cancer in any part of the body is not explained. Most probably the development of urethral cancer is associated with a chromosome problem that causes the appearance and growth of malignant cells also knows as urethral tumors. This could be caused as a result from exposure to certain carcinogenic agents, stimuli or substances which could cause urethral cancer and the symptoms of urethral cancer.

However, while discussing the causes of Urethral Cancer, it is important to know who are at risk of this disease and in what conditions cause urethral cancer. People who have been suffering from bladder pain and bladder cancer are more likely to develop Urethral Cancer and a urethral tumor than any other people. People who develop frequent inflammations of the urethra, those above the age of 60, especially white females, have a tendency to develop Urethral Cancer and urethral tumors than most other people.

Symptoms

The Symptoms of Urethral Cancer include the following.

· Frequent urination

· Blood in urine

· Bleeding in the urethra

· Discharge from urethra

· Lump in the perineum or penis

· Weak flow of urine

· Interrupted flow of urine

Diagnosis

There are several tests that could be carried out for determining that a person is suffering from Urethral Cancer. First of all, the patient will be examined physically by the physician in which he or she will be examined for the apparent signs and symptoms of urethral cancer such as lumps or enlarged lymph nodes. Then, further tests and screenings will be prescribed to determine the presence of cancerous cells and urethral tumors. These tests include laboratory tests and examinations such as rectal and pelvic exams which are carried out for the signs of the disease.

Laboratory tests for the diagnosis of Urethral Cancer include Urinalysis and Urine Cytology, which respectively check for the nature of problem through the analysis of the properties and composition of urine and the presence of malicious cells respectively. Complete Blood Count test is also recommended to check for urethral cancer. Cystoscopy could be carried out which involves inserting a thin tube into the urethra and the urinary bladder to check for the presence of cancerous cells and urethral tumors. In most cases, a biopsy of the tissues will be taken for examination to confirm the presence of urethral cancer or urethral tumors.

Scans such as X-rays, MRI and CT scans are used to determine the size and staging of the present urethral cancer to prescribe proper treatment. The staging is determined according to the part of urethra that is affected by the urethra tumor. Anterior Urethral Cancer is not too advanced or deep, while the Posterior Urethral Cancer is deep rooted and in advanced stage. Anterior parts are closer to the body opening, while the posterior part of the urethra is next to the urinary bladder and in males, the prostate gland.

Treatment of Urethral Cancer

Once the presence of Urethral Cancer is determined, the appropriate treatment for the particular stage of the urethral cancer tumor is prescribed. There are various treatment options available for Urethral Cancer. The type of treatment depends on the stage of the urethral cancer and the damage done to the tissues around the urethra, especially when the urethral cancer has reached other organs like the urinary bladder.

Surgery is one of the most widely practiced treatments for Urethral Cancer and treating urethral tumors. There are quite a few surgery types used in this regard.

-Open Excision: Surgical removal of the urethra.

-Laser Surgery: Using laser beams for surgery and removing urethral cancer cells in the urethral cancer.

-Lymph Node Dissection: Removal of the lymph nodes in the groin area affected from the urethra cancer.

-Electro-resection: Using electric current for the removal or destruction of the urethral cancer cells.

-Cystourethectomy: Surgical removal of the urethra and urinary bladder affected by the urethral cancer.

-Radical penectomy: Surgical removal of the penis affected by the urethral cancer tumors.

Cystoprostatectomy: Surgical removal of the prostate and bladder affected by the urethral cancer in males.

Radiation therapy is another method of treatment in which X-rays of very high energy are used to destroy the urethral cancer cells. Alternatively, or combined with surgery

, chemotherapy is also administered to control the growth of the urethral cancer.

Urethral Cancer is a rare type of cancer which occurs more frequently in females ( Female Urethral Cancer ).

Urethritis Symptoms – Urethral Cancer Symptoms

September 3rd, 2011 No comments

Many people may suffer from a medical condition known as urethritis or urethral cancer or urethral tumor at some moment in their life. The condition happens with bladder pain when there’s an infection in a portion of the urinary track known as the urethra. This part of urinary system is responsible for sending urine from the bladder to the expelling area of the body where urine is is completely removed from the urethral.

When an infection invades the urethral cannal of the urological system, inflammation can occur. When someone is affected by this issue, the most common urethral symptom can be difficulty and even pain when urinating or while attempting to eliminate fluids from the urethra. In this article, you will be introduced to important information pertaining to urethritis, urethral tumor and urethral cancer.

Causes of Urethritis or Urethral Cancer Symptoms – Male and Female Urethra Cancer

There are many potential causes of urethritis and Urethral Cancer Symptoms. Medical professionals have established that this type of urinary track problem may be caused by various types of bacterium, an assortment of fungi, and even various types of viruses involved with the urethral track.

While there are types of bacterium and fungi that have been found to be helpful to the human body and actually live in the gastrointestinal tract of the body, it has been established that an over abundance of these bacterium and fungi could invade the urethra and cause medical complications.

In addition to this, many individuals have acquired male and female urethritis by engaging in sexual activities with a partner that has the condition. Examples of organisms that are transmitted during sexual activity include “Neisseria Gonorrhoeae”, “Chlamydia”, and the “Herpes Simplex Virus”.

Symptoms

There are symptoms that may be experienced when an individual experiences urethritis. Not all individuals that suffer from this urinary complication and bladder pain will experience symptoms. If a sufferer does experience issues as a direct result of an infection and inflammation in the male and female urethra, it is common for the symptom of pain to be experienced during urination.

Many individuals describe this pain as a dull, aching pain while others describe it as the feeling of intense pressure or sharp, shooting pains. Many individuals that suffer from this type of infection find that they suffer from a frequent need to urinate during the day and in the night hours. If an individual acquires this condition as a direct result of a sexually transmitted disease, the symptoms mentioned here may be accompanied by symptoms that are associated with the actual STD.

Potential Complications Infection of the Male and Female Urethra

There are many potential complications associated with infections that originate and grow in the urethra. In some instances, bladder pain, the infection and inflammation experienced in the urethra may cause the space within this component of the urinary system to narrow drastically and cause urethral tumors to grow. Many individuals may also develop infections in the other components of the urinary system.

It is common for the bladder and/or the kidneys to become infected with urethral tumorsand cause bladder pain, the infection that started in the urethra. If you feel as if you have an infection in the male and female urethra, you should visit your doctor for a complete evaluation. If a diagnosis is confirmed there are treatments available that will prevent potential complications such as those outlined here.