Common Questions About Symptoms of Bladder Cancer

August 31st, 2011 No comments

The common symptoms of bladder cancer are painful urination, bladder pain, frequent or unproductive urination, and blood in the urine. Blood in the urine can be symptoms of bladder cancer and be obvious red blood or more frequently the urine may appear darker in color, ranging from a slightly rusty color to dark reddish amber resembling tea.

What physician should I see if I am having bladder cancer symptoms?

Depending on how comfortable you are with your family doctor, you can see your them or a urologist (a doctor who specializes in diseases of the urinary tract, including bladder pain and symptoms of bladder cancer.

How are bladder cancer symptoms diagnosed?

Generally a physician will check your overall healthiness and one or more of the following procedures:

o An in depth physical exam that includes checking the abdomen and pelvis for bladder tumors, bladder pain and/or other abnormalities. The doctor may also check for bladder cancer and bladder tumors via a vaginal and or rectal examination.

o Generally your doctor will collect a urine sample for urinalysis. The urinalysis will show blood cells (red and/or white), cancer cells, and other signs of disease such as chemical abnormalities that can be present with symptoms of bladder cancer.

o A common x-ray utilized to show images of the bladder is the intravenous pyelogram (IVP). Dye is injected into a vein and followed as it collects in the urine and travels through the urinary tract and into the bladder. When the dyed urine reaches bladder pain, it will make the symptoms of bladder cancer show up on x-ray. Bladder tumors will be exposed as well.

o An urologist may perform a minor outpatient surgery called a cystoscopy. A small tube with a light at the tip (cystoscope) is inserted into the bladder by way of the urethra (urinary opening). The doctor is then able to view the symptoms of bladder cancer from the other end of the tube. A doctor can see any abnormalities such as a bladder tumor or bladder cancer. Cystoscopy is also used to stage bladder tumors by collecting a tissue sample and examining it under a microscope (this is called a biopsy). With the use of micro-instruments, small tumors or even bladder cancer can sometimes be removed allowing diagnosis and treatment at the same time.

How do you tell how severe a bladder tumor is?

Once your doctor had performed the tests necessary to diagnose bladder cancer symptoms as cancerous, they will need to determine how severe your cancer is. The only positive way to confirm bladder cancer symptoms are cancer is with a biopsy. With other tests, a doctor may be reasonably sure, but not positive. One component of a biopsy is the staging (extensiveness) of a bladder tumor. There are five stages of symptoms of bladder cancer:

o Stage Zero: The least extensive stage – The cancer cells are only in the surface of the inner lining of the bladder.

o Stage One – Cancer cells are found in the deep inner lining of the bladder but have not invaded the bladder muscle.

o Stage Two – Cancer cells have spread to the bladder muscle.

o Stage Three – Cancer cells have spread to through the bladder muscle to the surrounding tissue. This may include the prostate (in men) and uterus or vagina (in women).

o Stage Four – Bladder cancer cells have spread and invaded the abdomen or pelvic walls. Cancer cells may now be present in the lymph nodes, lungs, and other surrounding organs. This is the most extensive stage.

How are symptoms of bladder cancer treated?

Depending on the extent and type of bladder cancer you have will determine what treatment options are available to you. Early detection is the key to successful treatment. Consult your doctor immediately for symptoms of bladder cancer if you have them.

Need more advice on symptoms of bladder cancer? Visit our website at symptom-diagnosis.com to find expert advice, reviews and great information on a range of symptom diagnoses, including the PMS Symptoms.

Bladder Cancer And It’s Causes

August 30th, 2011 No comments

Bladder cancer is not the most common form of cancer, although it can be as deadly as other cancers. Bladder cancer is not a hormone-linked cancer such as breast, ovarian, prostate, or colon cancers. In addition, there is no evidence to support the idea that bladder cancer is inherited; it simply does not run in families. So what seems to be the root cause of bladder cancer? Bladder cancer would appear to be, from the available evidence, a cancer caused by carcinogenic compounds absorbed from outside the body. Bladder cancer is a cancer caused by environmental pollutants, whether they are lifestyle related, such as smoking, or chemicals in the workplace like benzidine.

Smoking is one of the most obvious risk factors that can contribute to bladder cancer. What’s worse, by the time bladder cancer starts to appear, the patient has likely been smoking for what may amount to decades. The ongoing deposit of carcinogens in the lungs and through the lungs into the blood stream has been considerable.

Bladder cancer rates tend to be higher among men than women, in addition, the rates are higher among men in the age of 50 years old and up. Smoking men in the over 50-age group have the highest rates of bladder cancer. Also working in an environment where certain carcinogenic chemicals are used seems to contribute as a risk factor.

The most common symptoms of bladder cancer are blood in the urine, very frequent urination, or a pressure to urinate, only to find that you can’t urinate. Any of these symptoms could have other causes, but certainly are worthy of a visit to a doctor. Bladder cancer is one cancer where early detection can result in a much less severe treatment option.

Basically there are two types of bladder cancer, a very superficial cancer on the lining of the bladder and a deeper cancer that has penetrated well into the tissues of the bladder. The more superficial cancer on the surface of the bladder lining can develop into the deeper cancer if left untreated. This is why it is important to respond to symptoms such as painful urination or blood in the urine and seek treatment.

The approach to dealing with these forms of bladder cancer can vary from burning off or cauterizing a superficial cancer; to removing part, or all, of the bladder in the case of a deeply rooted cancer. In addition, chemotherapy and radiation therapy have proven useful in dealing with bladder cancer. In the case of chemotherapy, a number of drugs are used. With radiation therapy, a radioactive dispenser can be installed in the bladder to give appropriate dosages of radiation to counter the cancer.

Obviously if the patient wants to avoid a reoccurence of the cancer, lifestyle changes may be in order. If the patient is a smoker, then trying to find a strategy to quit smoking would helpful. If the cancer seems to be provoked by a chemical in the workplace, then avoiding this chemical may be a good idea. Unfortunately, up to 30 percent of bladder cancers occur without any obvious environmental causes. Some people have suggested that chlorine in the water supply may be the culprit. A water filtration system, some of which can be reasonable in cost, would serve well here.

Whether your interest in bladder cancer is based on a desire to identify and understand a cancer risk, or if you are interested because of more personal reasons, there are a few basic concepts to keep in mind. As with any cancer, early detection is essential in terms of chances of survival. In addition, try to identify and minimize risk factors. With this approach, the odds of success are in your favor.

Michael Russell Your Independent guide to Bladder Cancer [http://bladder-cancer-guided.com/]

Author: Michael Russell
Article Source: EzineArticles.com
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